Aside from being one of South America’s premier tourist destinations, Chile also boasts of being ranked in the field of grape growing and wine production. It has a fantastic climate condition that is suitable for growing grapes. The country’s Central Valley is the most productive wine region in all of Chile which grows the largest number of grape varieties and produces the biggest number of wines in the region.
Central Valley is divided into sub-regions which has some variations in soil composition and climate. These natural factors have contributed much to the success of the vineyards to grow an array of grape varieties within the area, most of which are used to produce world-class wines.
Maipo Valley is Chile’s oldest wine producing region and has been known world-wide for producing well-balanced red wines such as Chile’s best Cabernets. In this region, the climate is stable with huge differences between the day and night temperatures, having hotter weather during daytime and cooler winter breeze at night. They also make use of the waters of Andean snowmelt through a traditional irrigation system that sustains most vineyards in the area. Mineral-rich and highly permeable soils can be found in the Maipo Valley. There are three cultivating zones in this Valley; the Alto Maipo, the Central Maipo, and the Maipo Costa or Pacific Maipo. The abundance of sunlight enables the vineyards located in Alto Maipo to produce Chile’s smoothest and more fruity-flavored red wines. The Maipo Costa, on the other hand, because of its higher altitude and cooler climate, produces wines with elegant acid body and structure. This is where a few of Chile’s oldest and biggest wineries are situated, such as Concha y Toro, Chile’s biggest winery.
The Cachapoal Valley is known to produce the most diverse varieties of grapes. Due to its Mediterranean-type climate ” hotter summer weather and cooler winter breeze with big differences in the day and night temperature ” it creates a suitable condition that favors a variety of the premier wine grapes. This region boasts of their natural, mineral-rich, and sandy soils with a few lime stones in other areas. Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, and Merlot are amongst the principal grape varieties that are grown in this area. Probably the most favorable area for French wine investors is the Alto Cachapoal, which is situated near the coastal, mountain range. It is in this Chilean valley that high quality red wine is produced – more on the French wine structure. Popular red wine varieties produced in this area are Merlot and Carmenere, which are more fruity-flavored and deeply concentrated with an intense chocolate flavor.
The Colchagua Valley is home to Chile’s finest and most exquisite and full-bodied Cabernet Sauvignons. Wine producers situated in this valley are known for producing world- class wines using traditional Chilean wine making methods and offers a good destination for wine tourism. Talking about diversity, the southern part of the Central Valley ” the Curico Valley is also known for producing over 30 varieties of wine grapes over the years. It is also widely known for producing both premier red and white wines with and Chardonnay as the most popular variety in this area.
Central Valley is the perfect destination for exploring Chile’s wine routes wherein some of the best wines are produced in the area. With an array of terroir that would suit some of the world’s best grape varieties, no doubt it is made part of Chile’s wine history.