One of the few times that we do this exam, some may take this lightly, but colonoscopy is as important as having a yearly medical exam, to ensure that the colon is free from polyps, diseases, foreign objects and are kept healthy.
It is ranked 3rd as the well known kind of cancer in the U.S. – Cancer, aside from genetics, is usually caused by the lifestyle that people live, most specifically food and eating habits and preferences. It is important to know if the colon is healthy and free from foreign bodies, lesions, polyps, or any diseases. Thus, a colonoscopy exam is followed for a better colon image. Colonoscopy works through insertion of a flexible tube with a fiber optic camera unto the anus to reach the colon. This allows a clear visualization of the colon. It is sometimes used to remove any polyp that has grown in your colonic walls. Colonoscopy follows certain standards for it to be effective to produce clear final results. In preparation for an upcoming colonoscopy exam, a certain diet is followed to prevent ineffectiveness of the exam and altered medical results.
Basically, you are put on a liquid diet to empty your stomach before your colonoscopy exam. You are discouraged from eating foods that are difficult to digest and foods that are high in fiber. Foods that are high in fiber and hard to digest include the following:
-Fruits such as berries, prune, dried fruits, oranges, peaches, and mango
-Vegetables such as cabbage, cauliflower, squash, onions, peas, beans, and other raw vegetables
-Tough and fibrous meats such as beef and pork
-Junk foods such as chips, crackers, cookies
-All nuts and seeds
-Cream, milk and other milk-based products
-Grainy foods and pasta
-Colored foods like Jell-O
Fiber is discouraged days before a colonoscopy exam because once your fiber levels are high, it would mean unstoppable defecation throughout the preparation process, or worse, during the colonoscopy exam. It also acts to change the nutrients and the gastrointestinal contents’ nature and how it is being absorbed once it is digested. Patients are advised to have a full liquid diet before colonoscopy to empty and prepare the colon for the exam. Eating solid foods which cannot be digested easily are also discouraged to prevent constipation or full stomach.
There are foods, however, which are allowed in very small portions. A few days before the exam, light meats like chicken (skin removed) can be eaten, peeled potatoes, eggs, steamed white fish, light soups can be your best bets during this preparation process. On the day of the examination, no food and no liquid diet are observed.
Have a regular colon check up and prevent the risks of colon-related diseases. Have a happy colon!