Kidneys act as our blood’s filter, which strain out wastes and redirect them to the urinary bladder for excretion. If our kidneys are severely damaged, therefore, these are unable to perform natural functions. When wastes are not excreted from our body, they can pile up and cause other alarming related medical conditions. This is where dialysis comes into the scene.
Dialysis is a process where it acts as a substitute for our kidneys’ functions. If there is renal failure, dialysis filters our blood and removes body waste and excess water from our bloodstream. This is often administered to people who are experiencing kidney failure, but most of the time is just a temporary cleansing until such time that a kidney transplant takes place. While on dialysis, the patient has to bear in mind to keep the body free from foods that could bring adverse effects to the body and nullify the effectiveness of the dialysis process. Here are some of the foods that should be avoided or controlled intake when undergoing dialysis.
Fluids. You need to watch your fluid intake when you’re on dialysis. Too much fluid intake can build up in your body and can cause body swelling and weight gain. If you have excessive water content in your body, it may slow down the cleansing process. Intake of fluids like water, juices, or even fruits and vegetables which have high water content should be avoided, if not controlled.
Sodium. This is the most basic food that people on dialysis should avoid. Sodium is found in the form of table salt, salty junk foods, and other kinds of foods. Salty foods or foods that are high in sodium will cause thirst and consequently you will have to quench it with liquids. Because your kidneys are dysfunctional, the heart works double time to pump the fluids in your body. If this is not managed properly, it may lead to more serious problems like congestive heart failure or high blood pressure.
Potassium. Our kidneys also act as neutralizers, maintaining the correct amount of potassium in our bloodstream. Increased potassium amount in the body can induce a faster heart beat rate. This may also take place during your dialysis sessions. In order to help your body balance your potassium levels, you have to avoid or control your potassium intake. Potassium is often found in vegetables like potatoes and fruits like bananas, pears, kiwi, and avocado. If you can’t resist the temptation, you can always eat in small portions but NOT always.
Fatty foods. While some patients are advised to gain weight while on dialysis, not all caloric or fatty foods are advisable. Consult your doctor regarding your caloric diet. You can instead consume foods that contain less saturated fats or eat foods that use monosaturated fats such as olive and safflower oils. Avoid or control having fattening products on your diet, such as margarine or butter. High fat levels in the body can clog arteries, hindering bloodstream to flow properly and may cause the heart some pressure to pump harder.
Phosphorous. Foods that are high in phosphorous contents should be avoided during this phase. High level of phosphorous in the blood may cause decreasing calcium levels that can result to weakened or brittle bones or even bone breakage. Too much phosphorous in the blood may also hinder relief after dialysis as only small levels of phosphorous can be removed by dialysis. It can be found in dairy products like cheese and milk, nuts and seeds, whole grain goods, and chocolate. There are also prescribed medications to decrease the phosphorous levels during dialysis.
Your body suffers when you do not take care of it. The longer you live a disastrous lifestyle, the more you put your life at risk. There’s always a choice to live healthy by eating healthy.