I suppose the omnivores among us would enjoy a generous slice of authentic Swiss cheese on our sandwiches, salads, or even soups. However, there seems to be one small snag: how authentic is authentic Swiss cheese?
Authentic Swiss cheese, also called Emmental or Emmentaler, is a type of hard cheese produced in Emme valleys of Switzerland. It is a yellow-colored cheese that is famous for their holes. The holes are produced by the fermentation process of the cheese, producing pockets of carbon dioxide in the body.
There are many brands of Swiss cheese that tout their being authentic. Unfortunately, most of these are actually products from other countries, using cheaper milk, or made under questionable processes. There are even some cases where the counterfeit came from a nearby region in Switzerland.
Real Swiss cheese can only come from the Emme valley, and local producers there have made extra efforts to make sure it stays that way. They are now sending representatives to groceries and supermarkets to verify if the “authentic Swiss cheese”being sold is the real thing. In addition, suspected fake cheeses are to be sent back to Switzerland for additional DNA testing. Emmental cheese producers are using a specific bacteria strain that serves as a DNA marker. If the cheese fails to display the marker, they would be taken off the shelves and the producers sued for damages.
Of course, these safeguards only apply to those sold as “Emmental”or Emmentaler”Swiss cheese. Generic Swiss cheese can still be sold in the market, but these have nothing to do with the authentic varieties.